- 1944 — Two ammunition ships explode at Port Chicago, Calif., killing 322, including 202 African-Americans assigned by the Navy to handle explosives. It was the worst home-front disaster of World War II. The resulting refusal of 258 African-Americans to return to the dangerous work underpinned the trial and conviction of 50 of the men in what is called the Port Chicago Mutiny.
- 1883 — The Brotherhood of Telegraphers begins an unsuccessful 3-week strike against the Western Union Telegraph Company.
- 1919 — Some 35,000 Chicago stockyard workers strike.
- 1969 — Hospital workers win 113-day union recognition strike in Charleston, S.C.
- 1848 — Women's Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, N.Y. Delegates adopt a Declaration of Women's Rights and call for women's suffrage.
- 1940 — An amendment to the 1939 Hatch Act, a federal law whose main provision prohibits federal employees from engaging in partisan political activity, is amended to also cover state and local employees whose salaries include any federal funds.
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